Helena Ivanovna Roerich was a Russian philosopher, writer, and public figure, and a co-founder of the Agni Yoga Society. Helena Roerich was born on February 13, 1879 under the name of Elena Ivanovna Shaposhnikova in St. Petersburg.
On March 24, 1920, while in London, Helena allegedly met with Master Morya, one of the Mahatmas of the Himalayas who Madame Blavatsky had also claimed as a teacher. The communications Helena said she received from Master Morya served as the basis for Agni Yoga, her own synthesis of ancient Eastern beliefs and modern Western thought.
During a Central-Asian expedition Helena Roerich wrote a manuscript “Foundations of Buddhism”. In this book the fundamental philosophical notions of Buddha’s Teaching, such as reincarnation, karma, Nirvana were interpreted. Besides the thirteen published Agni Yoga books, she wrote numerous letters to disciples and aspirants all over the world. Some of these letters are published in her Letters of Helena Roerich, volumes I and II.
She was the wife of the famous and delightful painter Nicholas Roerich.
“Sniper 1”, sunflower seed shells and collage on paper mounted on board, 17 x 22 in. 2013. From a series of works I’m doing about a group or female Russian snipers during WWII, a radical redefinition of female identity during a period of conflict. Amazing considering how traditional Russian gender roles were at the time.
Magnitizdat was the process of re-copying and self-distributing live audio tape recordings in the Soviet Union that were not available commercially. It is similar to bootleg recordings, except it is usually sanctioned by the performers (who do not expect to make money from these recordings) for the purpose of circumventing political censorship and making their work as well known as possible.
The process of magnitizdat was less risky than publishing literature via samizdat, since any person in the USSR was permitted to own a private reel-to-reel tape recorder, while paper duplication equipment was under control of the state.
Magnitizdat was the main method by which the songs of Russian bards such as Bulat Okudzhava, Vladimir Vysotsky, and Alexander Galich made their way around the Soviet Union and abroad. Magnitizdat was also used to distribute lectures with anti-Soviet content.